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Potentially life-threatening emergency
Brazilian purpuric fever
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Potentially life-threatening emergency

Brazilian purpuric fever

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Contributors: Benjamin L. Mazer MD, MBA
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Brazilian purpuric fever is a bacterial infection caused by Haemophilus aegyptius, a gram-negative rod that is a subtype of Haemophilus influenzae. The illness occurs in children. Brazilian purpuric fever has primarily been documented in Brazil, though outbreaks have occurred in other countries such as the United States. The illness is rare, but can be deadly.

Symptoms begin with conjunctivitis, abdominal pain, high fever, and purpura. The illness can quickly progress to septic shock and death. If treated with intravenous antibiotics before the development of later symptoms, patients have an improved chance of survival.

No major outbreaks have been reported since 1990; sporadic cases were reported in 2007 with 7 cases without confirmation of H. aegyptius.

Codes

ICD10CM:
A48.4 – Brazilian purpuric fever

SNOMEDCT:
8554002 – Brazilian Purpuric Fever

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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References

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Last Updated: 05/18/2016
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Potentially life-threatening emergency
Brazilian purpuric fever
Print 1 Images
Brazilian purpuric fever : Abdominal pain, Nausea/vomiting, Hemorrhagic skin lesion, Exposure to flies, High fever, Exposure to gnats
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.