Dieulafoy's disease of the lung, a rare condition sometimes seen in smokers, may also cause hemoptysis and bronchovascular fistulae in patients without a history of lung interventions.
Bronchovascular fistulae are the result of improper healing of the lung tissue, causing abnormal connections between the bronchi and arteries or veins. Bleeding bronchovascular fistulae require immediate surgical evaluation.
T86.818 – Other complications of lung transplant
428794004 – Fistula
- Arteriovenous malformation
- Aortobronchial fistula
- Pulmonary embolism
- Vasculitis / collagen vascular disease
- Bleeding disorder (eg, von Willebrand disease, hemophilia, platelet disorders)
- Malignancy (particularly lung, oropharyngeal, metastasis to lung)
- Mitral stenosis
- Drug-induced hemoptysis (cocaine, NSAIDs, bevacizumab, sildenafil)