Intermittent hemoptysis is often the first symptom, followed by an acute-onset massive hemoptysis that can lead to hypovolemia and death.
Dieulafoy disease of the lung, a rare condition associated with vascular irregularities that are more susceptible to bleeding and hemorrhage, may also cause hemoptysis and bronchovascular fistula in patients without a history of lung interventions.
Bleeding bronchovascular fistulae require immediate surgical evaluation.
T86.818 – Other complications of lung transplant
233791001 – Bronchial fistula
- Arteriovenous malformation
- Aortobronchial fistula
- Pulmonary embolism
- Vasculitis / collagen vascular disease
- Bleeding disorder (eg, von Willebrand disease, hemophilia, platelet disorders)
- Malignancy (particularly lung, oropharyngeal, metastasis to lung)
- Mitral stenosis
- Drug-induced hemoptysis (cocaine, NSAIDs, bevacizumab, sildenafil)