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Chlamydial infections - Anogenital in
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Chlamydial infections - Anogenital in

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Contributors: Neil Mendoza MD, Paritosh Prasad MD
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Synopsis

Anogenital chlamydial infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is a very common sexually transmitted disease. The prevalence of this infection is greatest in adolescents and young adults.

Patients are infected during sexual intercourse, when the urethra or rectum is inoculated with the organism. Pharyngeal infection is also possible.

The incubation period is 7-14 days. Many patients infected are asymptomatic. Symptoms can vary depending on the location of the infection. Patients with urethritis may complain of dysuria or urethral pruritus. Epididymitis presents with epididymal pain (usually unilateral) and sometimes fever. Proctitis presents with rectal pain and discharge (sometimes bloody). Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a disease caused by certain serovars of C. trachomatis. Symptoms include severe proctocolitis with rectal discharge, pain, and fever. Tender inguinal lymphadenopathy may also be seen (the "groove sign").

Coinfection with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including gonorrhea, is common.

Some patients may develop reactive arthritis.

Codes

ICD10CM:
A56.2 – Chlamydial infection of genitourinary tract, unspecified

SNOMEDCT:
105629000 – Chlamydial infection

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Last Reviewed: 02/06/2017
Last Updated: 03/31/2017
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Chlamydial infections - Anogenital in
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Chlamydial infections (Female) : Urethral pus, Vaginal discharge, Dysuria, Sexually active
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