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Common cold
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Common cold

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Contributors: Benjamin L. Mazer MD, MBA, Paul C. Bryson MD
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Synopsis

A common cause of acute inflammation of the nasopharynx (rhinitis and pharyngitis). It is caused by a variety of viruses, particularly rhinovirus, coronavirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. Primary symptoms include rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, and sore throat. Constitutional signs such as fever and chills are less pronounced than in other respiratory infections. A common cold may also aggravate underlying asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Secondary bacterial superinfections can occur. Common colds are self-limited and do not require specific treatment. Symptoms typically last for 7-10 days.

Codes

ICD10CM:
J00 – Acute nasopharyngitis [common cold]

SNOMEDCT:
82272006 – Common Cold

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

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Last Updated: 09/19/2018
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Common cold
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Common cold : Cough, Headache, Hoarseness, Malaise, Nasal congestion, Rhinorrhea, Sneezing
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