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Diamond-Blackfan anemia in Adult
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Diamond-Blackfan anemia in Adult

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Contributors: Carla Casulo MD
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Synopsis

Blackfan-Diamond anemia (BDA) is a rare and serious disorder that results in blood cytopenias. It is an inherited condition characterized by a bone marrow failure state causing aplasia of the erythroid series only. The white cells and platelets are not affected.

Patients with BDA develop anemia, usually in infancy, and are diagnosed most typically in the first year of life. Roughly half of patients will have physical abnormalities such as microcephaly, hypertelorism, ptosis, broad nasal bridge, small ears, cleft palate, cleft lip, micrognathia, short stature, and thumb defects. Some may present with heart, kidney, and genitourinary defects. Signs and symptoms include pallor, fatigue, failure to thrive, anorexia, jaundice, icteric sclera, and splenomegaly.

Treatment is red blood cell transfusion and therapy with corticosteroids. Approximately 30 new cases occur in the United States each year.

For more information, see OMIM.

Related topic: Pure Red Cell Aplasia

Codes

ICD10CM:
D61.01 – Constitutional red blood cell aplasia

SNOMEDCT:
88854002 – Congenital hypoplastic anemia

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Therapy

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References

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Last Updated: 03/29/2017
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Diamond-Blackfan anemia in Adult
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Diamond-Blackfan anemia : Failure to thrive, Short stature, Anorexia, Pallor, RBC decreased
Copyright © 2018 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.