Meningitis, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, toxic ingestion, and other conditions may mimic heat stroke, so the diagnosis must carefully consider clinical history. Treatment primarily consists of physical cooling (evaporative, ice water, etc), fluid resuscitation, and monitoring for complications.
T67.0XXA – Heatstroke and sunstroke, initial encounter
52072009 – Heat Stroke
- Meningitis (eg, aseptic, bacterial, fungal) / encephalitis
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
- Serotonin syndrome
- Alcohol withdrawal
- Other drug-induced causes of hyperthermia (lamotrigine, progesterone, hallucinogenics, stimulants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors) or altered mental status (NSAIDs, opiates, antidepressants, antihistamines, anticholinergics)