Hydrazine poisoning - Pulmonary
Aerosol exposure and inhalation include irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin; dyspnea; dizziness; and nausea. Direct contact with the liquid form can produce chemical burns of the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
After inhalation or absorption of large quantities of hydrazine, there may be lethargy, confusion, tremors, seizures, coma, and death. Delayed findings may include hepatitis, nephritis, pulmonary edema, liver necrosis, and GI hemorrhage. Seizures and renal failure may also occur after prolonged exposure.
The Immediately Danger to Health or Life (IDHL) air concentration of hydrazine is 50 ppm. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) considers hydrazine a potential carcinogen.
T54.1X1A – Toxic effect of other corrosive organic compounds, accidental, initial encounter
34641002 – Hydrazine
- Vesicant exposure (mustard, lewisite, phosgene oxime)
- Ammonia and sulfur dioxide burns
- Pulmonary agent poisoning
- Hydrogen fluoride
- Hydrogen sulfide
- Anhydrous ammonia
- Sulfur dioxide
- Hydrogen chloride
- Ricin or abrin poisoning
- Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB)
- Trichothecene (T-2) mycotoxin
- CS tear gas intoxication
- Cyanogen chloride