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Hymen trauma - Suspected Child Abuse
See also in: Anogenital
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Hymen trauma - Suspected Child Abuse

See also in: Anogenital
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Contributors: Mary Spencer MD, Noah Craft MD, PhD, Ann Lenane MD, Amy Swerdlin MD, Manasi Kadam Ladrigan MD, Carol Berkowitz MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Hymenal trauma is occasionally found after sexual abuse and more rarely after accidental injuries. Recognition of specific patterns related to abuse is important. Findings of confirmed sexual abuse are primarily acute injuries to the genitalia, anus, or oral cavity; genital scarring; sexually transmitted infections (STIs); and hymenal transection or evidence of deep notches. The significance of notches or clefts in the hymen depends on the location and severity of the defect. Posterior or inferior hymenal tears that extend to the vaginal floor provide conclusive evidence of penetrating or blunt force trauma. Furthermore, studies report that only girls with confirmation of abuse had evidence of deep notches extending through more than 50% of the posterior hymenal rim. Categories of sexual abuse can be divided into signs suggestive of abuse versus those specific for abuse. However, because positive findings occur infrequently, one cannot overemphasize that the history from the child still remains the single most important diagnostic feature in deciding whether a child has been sexually abused.

Codes

ICD10CM:
T76.22XA – Child sexual abuse, suspected, initial encounter

SNOMEDCT:
237333004 – Hymen tear

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Last Updated: 02/11/2015
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Hymen trauma - Suspected Child Abuse
See also in: Anogenital
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Hymen trauma
Copyright © 2018 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.