The precise cause has not been identified. Factors that may contribute to the disease are ear blockage or anatomical defect causing fluid buildup, abnormal immune response, allergies, viral infection, genetic predisposition, head trauma, and migraines. Because Ménière disease seems to run in families, there may be a genetic component involved.
The typical clinical presentation includes a patient who has experienced at least two or more episodes of vertigo lasting at least 20 minutes in length, tinnitus, temporary hearing loss, and aural fullness.
Ménière disease may occur at any age, but most commonly presents in adults aged 40-60.
There is currently no cure, but a range of treatments may be helpful in managing the condition. Treatment options include medications, salt restriction and diuretics, cognitive therapy, injections, pressure pulse treatment, and surgery.
For more information, see OMIM.
H81.09 – Ménière's disease, unspecified ear
13445001 – Meniere Disease
Last Updated: 11/15/2017