The condition carries significant mortality, with approximately 50 000 deaths out of 86 000 cases each year worldwide. Rare in the United States and Western Europe, but causes 25% of all cancer-related deaths in Southern China. Also endemic to Southeast Asia, North Africa, and the Arctic. This regional distribution suggests varied etiology and significant risk factors. These include Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, genetic inheritance, smoking, high alcohol consumption, high consumption of preservatives, and rarely, human papillomavirus infection.
Radiation therapy is the mainstay of treatment.
C11.9 – Malignant neoplasm of nasopharynx, unspecified
187692001 – Malingnant tumor of nasopharynx
- Nasopharyngeal papilloma
- Nasopharyngeal cyst