Oral exostoses - Oral Mucosal Lesion
Exostoses are generally noted in adults and there is no sex predilection. Exostoses occur often but not always in a symmetric distribution. However, solitary exostoses are not uncommon (eg, on the right or left of the maxillary tuberosity).
Patients are often unaware of the presence of such exostoses since they have usually been present for a long time and grow very slowly.
Some cases exhibit a "growth spurt" and patients become aware of a fairly rapidly enlarging mass.
Genetic and environmental factors (such as chronic irritation) likely play a role in the development of these lesions. Some tori may also regress or become smaller over time. Exostoses may also develop as a benign bony response to irritation (eg, beneath a pontic sub-pontine exostosis).
They are usually painless unless the areas are traumatized by mastication; since they protrude, this is a fairly frequent occurrence.
M27.8 – Other specified diseases of jaws
416189003 – Exostosis
Osteomas are considered true neoplasms and therefore would exhibit steady and noticeable growth over a short period of time. They are usually not symmetric.
Juxtacortical osteosarcoma presents as a rapidly growing bony mass that protrudes from the jawbones.