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Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma - External and Internal Eye
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Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma - External and Internal Eye

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Contributors: Rachel Ellis MD, Andrew Goodfriend MD, Brandon D. Ayres MD, Christopher Rapuano MD, Harvey A. Brown MD, Sunir J. Garg MD, Lauren Patty Daskivich MD, MSHS
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Synopsis

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare childhood cancer that affects approximately 350 children per year in the United States, with 10% of cases involving the orbit. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common primary orbital tumor in childhood. Patients usually present between 5 and 10 years of age, with boys having a higher incidence than girls.

Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma develops from undifferentiated mesenchymal cells that have the capacity to become striated muscle. There are several histopathologic types, including embryonal (the most common form) and alveolar (which carries the worst prognosis).

Proptosis is the most common presenting sign and may develop over the course of just a few days or a month. Often there is a history of recent trauma upon presentation of the tumor, which may lead to confusion with the diagnosis. Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma sometimes presents with strabismus or as a localized eyelid or conjunctival mass. 

Survival of patients with orbital rhabdomyosarcoma has improved over the past few decades due to advances in chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma has a better prognosis than that occurring in other locations, with up to a 90% 5-year survival.

Codes

ICD10CM:
C69.60 – Malignant neoplasm of unspecified orbit

SNOMEDCT:
302847003 – Rhabdomyosarcoma (disorder)

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Last Updated: 08/20/2013
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Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma - External and Internal Eye
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Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma : Eyelid edema, Orbital displacement, Unilateral proptosis
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