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Pasteurella multocida infection - Cellulitis DDx
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Pasteurella multocida infection - Cellulitis DDx

See also in: Skin
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Contributors: Tara Mahar MD, Art Papier MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Pasteurella multocida is an anaerobic gram-negative coccobacillus that is a common isolate from animal bite wound infections. The most common offending animals are dogs and cats, but Pasteurella has also been transmitted by pigs, rats, lions, opossums, and rabbits and isolated from numerous other animals. The organism most often causes skin and soft tissue infections such as cellulitis and abscesses, but it may also cause bone and joint infections, upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, and sepsis. Fever is present 20% of the time. P. multocida soft tissue infections may be complicated by tenosynovitis, septic arthritis, and osteomyelitis.

Pasteurella multocida should be suspected over the typical causative agents of cellulitis when there is a history of an antecedent animal bite. Often, there will be evidence of the bite, such as a laceration or abrasion, which occurs most often on the upper extremities.

Codes

ICD10CM:
A28.0 – Pasteurellosis

SNOMEDCT:
10879005 – Pasteurella multocida

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Last Updated: 03/21/2019
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Pasteurella multocida infection - Cellulitis DDx
See also in: Skin
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Pasteurella multocida infection : Animal bite, Edema, Painful skin lesions, Regional lymphadenopathy, Unilateral
Clinical image of Pasteurella multocida infection
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