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Poland anomaly
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Poland anomaly

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

A rare congenital disorder of muscular development characterized by dysplasia or absence of the pectoral muscles on one side of the chest, and typically with ipsilateral hand or finger anomalies. Theorized to be of vascular origin in the embryo, it usually occurs sporadically, with rare autosomal dominant familial cases reported. Variable findings include ipsilateral webbed fingers, brachydactyly, symbrachydactyly, dysplasia of chest wall and shoulder girdle muscles, underdeveloped or missing ribs or bones, and anomalies of nipple and breast.

Management is focused on remediation of functional impairment or cosmetic appearance, and may include a range of therapies: reconstructive or plastic surgery, physical therapy, and counseling.

For more information, see OMIM.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q79.8 – Other congenital malformations of musculoskeletal system

SNOMEDCT:
38371006 – Poland anomaly

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Poland syndrome has a very specific constellation of findings, though it can be seen in association with Mobius syndrome and Klippel-Feil syndrome.

Best Tests

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References

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Last Updated:03/29/2017
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Poland anomaly
Poland anomaly : Present at birth, Unilateral distribution
Clinical image of Poland anomaly
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