ContentsSynopsisCodesLook ForDiagnostic PearlsDifferential Diagnosis & PitfallsBest TestsManagement PearlsTherapyReferencesInformation for PatientsView all Images (25)
Scarlet fever - Skin in Adult
Print
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Scarlet fever - Skin in Adult

Print Patient Handout Images (25)
Contributors: Noah Craft MD, PhD, Lindy P. Fox MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH, Michael D. Tharp MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Scarlet fever is an acute erythrogenic toxin-mediated disease caused by infection with Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes). Most cases follow a streptococcal pharyngitis or tonsillitis. However, streptococcal sepsis, cellulitis, puerperal infection, or surgical infection can initiate scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is most common in children aged younger than 10, but it can affect adults as well. A 2-5 day incubation period precedes the onset of rash. Associated prodromal symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, myalgias, headache, and malaise. The characteristic rash begins within 12-48 hours of fever onset. Generalized lymphadenopathy is common.

Once a fatal disease in the preantibiotic era, associated complications are now fortunately rare with the existence of effective antibiotic therapy. However, meningitis, otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, arthritis, rheumatic fever, and glomerulonephritis can still rarely occur.

Codes

ICD10CM:
A38.9 – Scarlet fever, uncomplicated

SNOMEDCT:
30242009 – Scarlet fever

Look For

Subscription Required

Diagnostic Pearls

Subscription Required

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

Subscription Required

Management Pearls

Subscription Required

Therapy

Subscription Required

References

Subscription Required

Last Updated: 10/07/2015
Copyright © 2018 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Scarlet fever - Skin in Adult
Print 25 Images Filter Images
View all Images (25)
(with subscription)
 Reset
Scarlet fever (First Phase) : Chills, Fever, Headache, Nausea/vomiting, Lymphadenopathy, Malaise, Pharyngitis
Clinical image of Scarlet fever
Copyright © 2018 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.