Scarlet fever - Skin in Adult
Once a fatal disease in the preantibiotic era, associated complications are now fortunately rare with the existence of effective antibiotic therapy. However, meningitis, otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, arthritis, rheumatic fever, and glomerulonephritis can still rarely occur.
A38.9 – Scarlet fever, uncomplicated
30242009 – Scarlet fever
- Toxic shock syndrome originates from Staphylococcus aureus infections arising in the setting of super absorbent tampons, nasal packing, or surgical site infections. Patients are systemically ill and eventually desquamate.
- Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) usually occurs in young children following an S. aureus infection – Affected skin is notably tender.
- Kawasaki disease is characterized by "strawberry tongue," conjunctival injection, cervical lymphadenopathy, and rash – This is also more common in children.
- Exanthematous drug eruptions will have a history of exposure.
- Sunburns occur after sun exposure and are photodistributed.
- Photosensitive and phototoxic drug eruptions are photodistributed.
- Photocontact dermatitis is photodistributed.
- Rubeola has associated cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, and Koplik spots.
- Rubella has occipital and post-auricular lymphadenopathy.
- Rat-bite fever
- Infectious mononucleosis has associated lymphadenopathy.
- Primary HIV infection is characterized by lymphadenopathy and rash.
- Lupus erythematosus has associated photosensitivity.