Scarlet fever - Skin in Child
A38.9 – Scarlet fever, uncomplicated
30242009 – Scarlet fever
- Toxic shock syndrome originates from Staphylococcus aureus infections arising in the setting of super absorbent tampons, nasal packing, or surgical site infections. Patients are systemically ill and eventually desquamate.
- Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) usually occurs in young children following an S. aureus infection – Affected skin is notably tender.
- Kawasaki disease is characterized by "strawberry tongue," conjunctival injection, cervical lymphadenopathy, and rash – This is also more common in children.
- Exanthematous drug eruptions will have a history of exposure.
- Sunburns occur after sun exposure and are photodistributed.
- Photosensitive and phototoxic drug eruptions are photodistributed.
- Photocontact dermatitis is photodistributed.
- Rubeola has associated cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, and Koplik spots.
- Rubella has occipital and post-auricular lymphadenopathy.
- Rat-bite fever
- Infectious mononucleosis has associated lymphadenopathy.
- Primary HIV infection is characterized by lymphadenopathy and rash.
- Lupus erythematosus has associated photosensitivity.