ContentsSynopsisCodesReferencesView all Images (2)
Shoulder injury
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Shoulder injury

Print Images (2)
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed


Injuries pertaining to the shoulder region, including dislocation, sprain, fracture, nerve damage, impingement, compression, or crush wound. Includes damage to joints, muscle, ligaments, tendons, and bursa, including rotator cuff tear, dislocation, acromioclavicular separation, labrum tear, and clavicle, scapula, or proximal humeral fracture.

May be due to external trauma (eg, motor vehicle, occupational, or sporting accident), a fall, or overload or overuse. Conditions of hypermobility or laxity (eg, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome) can contribute to more severe shoulder damage than external force might warrant.

Shoulder injuries are characterized by pain, tenderness, swelling, limited range of motion, and deformity. Sternoclavicular fracture may present life-threatening symptoms related to internal injuries of the upper thorax (eg, lungs, trachea, heart).

Management includes icing, sling usage, curbing activities, reduction of dislocation, pain management, anti-inflammatory drugs, surgery, and physical therapy. Resources for opioid prescribing guidelines, as well as nonopioid alternatives, can be found here.


S40.919A – Unspecified superficial injury of unspecified shoulder, initial encounter

125594001 – Injury of shoulder region


Subscription Required

Last Updated: 11/14/2018
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Shoulder injury
Print 2 Images
View all Images (2)
(with subscription)
Shoulder injury : Decreased range of motion, Joint stiffness, Joint swelling, Muscle tenderness, Shoulder pain
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.