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Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome
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Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome

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Contributors: Paritosh Prasad MD, Eric Ingerowski MD, FAAP
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Synopsis

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is an uncommon complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is marked by right upper quadrant pain, hepatomegaly, and the development of jaundice and ascites. The condition was previously called hepatic veno-occlusive disease.

It can also be seen in patients after alkaloid intoxication (bush tea), following liver transplantation, following high-dose radiation therapy, and after chemotherapy utilized for cytoreduction in patients with hepatic colorectal metastasis prior to surgical resection.

SOS has been seen following exposure to several chemotherapeutic and immunosuppressant therapies (azathioprine, actinomycin D, busulfan, carmustine, cyclophosphamide, dacarbazine, gemtuzumab, melphalan, mercaptopurine, mitomycin, oxaliplatin, terbinafine, mercaptopurine [6-MP], and platelet transfusion with ABO-incompatible plasma).

A distinct autosomal recessive condition exists called veno-occlusive disease with immunodeficiency and presents in the first few months of life.

Hepatic SOS is due to injury to the hepatic venous endothelium with consequent liver sinusoid dilation and congestion, and ultimately with centrilobular hemorrhagic necrosis.

Incidence is difficult to calculate, but risk factors include a history of liver disease preceding stem cell transplantation and use of high-dose cyclophosphamide or high-dose radiation for pretransplant conditioning. It is more common in younger children (age <7).

Codes

ICD10CM:
K76.5  – Hepatic veno-occlusive disease

SNOMEDCT:
65617004 – Veno-occlusive disease of the liver

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Reviewed: 12/21/2017
Last Updated: 01/23/2018
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Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome
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Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome : Hepatomegaly, Jaundice, Ascites, Transaminases elevated, RUQ pain, Weight gain
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.