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Speckled lentiginous nevus in Adult
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Speckled lentiginous nevus in Adult

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Contributors: William M. Lin MD, Susan Burgin MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
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Synopsis

Nevus spilus, or speckled lentiginous nevus, is a melanocytic lesion composed of small, dark macules (nevus spilus maculosus) or macules and papules (nevus spilus papulosis) within a larger but more lightly pigmented patch. Some consider these lesions to be subtypes of congenital melanocytic nevi. The macules or papules within the background patch are nevi, typically junctional or compound, and less often blue or Spitz nevi. The pathogenesis is thought to be related to a local defect in neural crest melanoblasts.

Nevus spilus can be associated with a number of other conditions and findings, including but not limited to corneal dystrophy, scleral pigmentation, hearing loss, Ebstein anomaly, ichthyosis, neurofibromatosis type 1, epidermal nevi, and a nevus sebaceus. Nevus spilus is a component of certain subtypes of phakomatosis pigmentovascularis. The speckled lentiginous nevus syndrome is the rarely occurring association of a nevus spilus (usually nevus spilus papulosis) and neuromuscular abnormalities, including a sensory or motor neuropathy and hyperhidrosis. Onset of the neurologic abnormalities is typically in adults, but childhood onset has been reported.

Nevus spilus shows no predilection for either sex but is slightly more common in individuals of Northern European descent than in other ethnicities. Most lesions are present at birth or become evident during the first year of life. They are benign lesions with a rare incidence of malignant transformation. Risk of melanoma development appears to correlate with lesions greater than 4 cm, zosteriform or segmental subtypes, and lesions present at birth.

Codes

ICD10CM:
I78.1 – Nevus, non-neoplastic

SNOMEDCT:
398660000 – Speckled lentiginous nevus

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Last Updated: 05/14/2019
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Speckled lentiginous nevus in Adult
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Speckled lentiginous nevus : Dermatomal, Hyperpigmented patch, Oval configuration, Speckled configuration, Hyperpigmented macules
Clinical image of Speckled lentiginous nevus
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