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Staphylococcal food poisoning
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Staphylococcal food poisoning

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Contributors: Meera Mohan MD, Senu Apewokin MD
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Synopsis

Staphylococcal food poisoning results from inoculation of toxin-producing Staphylococcus aureus.

Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium found on the skin and in the nostrils of up to 25% of healthy humans. Toxin from this organism is elaborated in food such as custards, potato salad, and processed meat. Even if the bacteria are killed by warming, the heat-stable toxin remains intact. Symptoms of food poisoning are usually rapid and occur within 1-6 hours of eating contaminated food.

Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Hypotension and dehydration can occur in severe infection. The rapid onset of symptoms, lack of fever, and epidemic nature of the presentation can be indicators of staphylococcal food poisoning. Ingestion of potentially contaminated foods (examples above) also provides clues for consideration of this disease. Symptoms generally resolve within 8-10 hours. Treatment is entirely supportive.

Codes

ICD10CM:
A05.0 – Foodborne staphylococcal intoxication

SNOMEDCT:
84622004 – Food poisoning due to staphylococcus

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Last Updated: 09/29/2015
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Staphylococcal food poisoning
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Staphylococcal food poisoning : Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal cramp, Contaminated food exposure, Dehydration, Developed rapidly , Tachycardia
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