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Stibine poisoning
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Stibine poisoning

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Contributors: Scott Echternacht, Benjamin L. Mazer MD, MBA, Abhijeet Waghray MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Stibine gas is an industrial byproduct that contains antimony. Stibine poisoning is uncommon, but it usually occurs due to inhalation exposure.

The toxic mechanism of stibine is not clear but likely involves inhibition of enzymes that protect the body from oxidative stress.

Acute stibine poisoning is a cause of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, arrhythmia, and hemolysis. Chronic exposure (often in the workplace) can cause pneumonitis, dermatitis, and headache.

Treatment is supportive, utilizing intravenous (IV) fluids, electrolyte supplementation, and blood transfusion. Stibine poisoning is not typically lethal if supportive care is provided.

Codes

ICD10CM:
T59.91XA – Toxic effect of unspecified gases, fumes and vapors, accidental (unintentional), initial encounter

SNOMEDCT:
243055004 – Poisoning due to irritant gas

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Last Reviewed: 08/15/2019
Last Updated: 08/15/2019
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Stibine poisoning
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Stibine poisoning (Acute inhalation exposure) : Headache, Jaundice, Nausea, Rash, Eye irritation, Hematuria, Cardiac dysrhythmia, Anemia, Tachypnea, Lumbar pain, Weakness
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