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Supernumerary nipple - Skin in Infant/Neonate
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Supernumerary nipple - Skin in Infant/Neonate

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Contributors: Belinda Tan MD, PhD, Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH, Nancy Esterly MD
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Synopsis

Supernumerary nipples (SNs) are common congenital malformations in which additional nipples or related tissue occurs along the embryonic milk line. In humans, this line extends bilaterally from a point on the inner arm just beyond the axilla, down the chest, abdomen, and groin, ending on the proximal inner thigh area. Ectopic supernumerary nipples (5%) are found beyond this milk line.

These benign lesions occur in 1% to 6% of the population worldwide, and 10% of cases are familial with an autosomal dominance inheritance pattern. Incidence has been reported as more common in males (7:1 male-to-female ratio). Most are single lesions below the regular nipple but may be multiple and bilateral.

SNs are often undetected at birth and are generally without symptoms. Some become more noticeable at adolescence, menstruation, or pregnancy when increased pigmentation, fluctuating swelling and tenderness, or lactation may be noted.

The association of SNs with renal and urinary tract abnormalities is controversial. An increased incidence of ipsilateral Becker's nevus has been noted. SNs are found in several multiple congenital anomaly syndromes, including Simpson-Golabi-Behmel (overgrowth, coarse face, embryonal tumors, and congenital cardiac/renal, and /or skeletal abnormalities), cleft lip or palate ectodermal dysplasia, and tricho-odonto-onychial dysplasia. Ectopic glandular breast tissue can develop any of the lesions of normal breast tissue, including malignancy.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q83.3 – Accessory nipple

SNOMEDCT:
50956007 – Supernumerary nipple

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Last Updated: 11/22/2013
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Supernumerary nipple - Skin in Infant/Neonate
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Supernumerary nipple : Abdomen, Brown color, Chest, Smooth papule
Clinical image of Supernumerary nipple
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