Thoracic aortic aneurysm
Risk factors are aneurysm-osteoarthritis syndrome, atherosclerosis, congenital heart defects (eg, bicuspid aortic valve), family history of aneurysmal disease, or genetic syndromes including Ehlers-Danlos, Loeys-Dietz, Marfan, and Turner syndromes.
Management depends on the location, shape, and size of aneurysm, as well as symptoms and concomitant cardiovascular disease. In asymptomatic patients, management may consist of blood pressure control with beta blockers, surveillance, and patient education to watch for early signs and symptoms of complications. Following complete evaluation and risk assessment, surgical repair or replacement may be undertaken.
For more information on the familial form, see OMIM.
Related topic: Cystic medial necrosis
I71.2 – Thoracic aortic aneurysm, without rupture
433068007 – Aneurysm of thoracic aorta