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Tinea faciei in Child
See also in: External and Internal Eye
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Tinea faciei in Child

See also in: External and Internal Eye
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Contributors: Gaurav Singh MD, MPH, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Tinea faciei, also known as tinea faciale, is a superficial dermatophyte infection occurring in the nonbearded areas of the face. All age groups are affected, but peaks occur in children between the ages of 2 and 14 years as well as adults between 20 and 40. Different species may be anthropophilic (humans are the primary host) or zoophilic (animal host). In North America, Trichophyton tonsurans is the most common agent. In Asia, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum are most common. The 3 most common causative zoophilic agents worldwide are T mentagrophytes (in rodents, rabbits, dogs, and horses), Trichophyton verrucosum (in cattle), and Microsporum canis (in cats and dogs). In general, zoophilic organisms are associated with inflammatory changes while anthropophilic organisms are associated with minimal inflammation.

Transmission among humans is either by direct contact with those infected (animals or humans) or through fomites. Infection may also frequently arise from self-inoculation from the feet (tinea pedis), scalp (tinea capitis), or nails (tinea unguium). Tropical or humid climates are associated with more frequent and severe cases. More cases are also noted after holidays, as children may spend their holidays in rural areas where animal exposure occurs. The most common manifestation is that of one or more pruritic, erythematous, annular, scaling plaques, most often on the cheeks. Occasionally, pustules and crusting may be seen at the active edge. Untreated lesions tend to demonstrate centripetal growth over time and may become several centimeters in diameter.

Related topics: Tinea capitis, Tinea cruris, Tinea corporis, Tinea pedis, Majocchi granuloma, Tinea barbae, Tinea versicolor, Tinea imbricata

Codes

ICD10CM:
B35.8 – Other dermatophytoses

SNOMEDCT:
240696004 – Tinea faciei

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Last Reviewed: 06/21/2018
Last Updated: 07/17/2018
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Tinea faciei in Child
See also in: External and Internal Eye
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Tinea faciei : Erythema, Fine scaly plaque, Unilateral, Pruritus, Annular configuration
Clinical image of Tinea faciei
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