SynopsisCodesLook ForDiagnostic PearlsDifferential Diagnosis & PitfallsBest TestsManagement PearlsTherapyDrug Reaction DataReferences

Information for Patients

View all Images (60)

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Vitiligo in Child

See also in: External and Internal Eye,Anogenital
Contributors: Sarah N. Robinson MD, Vivian Wong MD, PhD, Oyetewa Oyerinde MD, Callyn Iwuala MD, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed


Vitiligo is a relatively common disorder affecting melanocytes, resulting in depigmented, white patches of the skin. Vitiligo typically arises symmetrically in areas of frequent trauma, particularly on the face, upper chest, hands, elbows, knees, axillae, and perineum. Prevalence is estimated to be between 0.5%-1%. Vitiligo often presents in childhood or young adulthood, with roughly half of cases beginning before the age of 20.

While the exact etiology is not known, many consider vitiligo to be an autoimmune disease in which the melanocyte is targeted. Genetic predisposition and trauma are other risk factors for vitiligo development. Other autoimmune diseases are observed more frequently in patients with vitiligo, including diabetes mellitus type 1, pernicious anemia, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Graves disease, Addison disease, and alopecia areata.

The segmental form of the disease, which presents as an asymmetric, frequently dermatomal, depigmented band, disproportionally affects children. This form of the disease is less likely to be associated with coexisting autoimmune phenomena.

Vitiligo has been associated with ocular (eg, uveitis) and cochlear abnormalities.


L80 – Vitiligo

56727007 – Vitiligo

Look For

Subscription Required

Diagnostic Pearls

Subscription Required

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

To perform a comparison, select diagnoses from the classic differential

Subscription Required

Best Tests

Subscription Required

Management Pearls

Subscription Required


Subscription Required

Drug Reaction Data

Subscription Required


Subscription Required

Last Reviewed:07/26/2017
Last Updated:07/26/2017
Copyright © 2024 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Patient Information for Vitiligo in Child
Print E-Mail Images (60)
Contributors: Medical staff writer
Premium Feature
VisualDx Patient Handouts
Available in the Elite package
  • Improve treatment compliance
  • Reduce after-hours questions
  • Increase patient engagement and satisfaction
  • Written in clear, easy-to-understand language. No confusing jargon.
  • Available in English and Spanish
  • Print out or email directly to your patient
Copyright © 2024 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Vitiligo in Child
See also in: External and Internal Eye,Anogenital
A medical illustration showing key findings of Vitiligo : Face, Fingers, Depigmented macules/patches
Clinical image of Vitiligo - imageId=779676. Click to open in gallery.  caption: 'A white macule and a similar patch on the forearm.'
A white macule and a similar patch on the forearm.
Copyright © 2024 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.