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Blue nevus in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp,Oral Mucosal Lesion
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Blue nevus in Child

See also in: Hair and Scalp,Oral Mucosal Lesion
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Contributors: William M. Lin MD, Susan Burgin MD, Belinda Tan MD, PhD, Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Nancy Esterly MD
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Synopsis

Blue nevus (also known as a blue mole) is a type of benign acquired nevus. These small blue-gray or blue-black papules represent an aggregate of melanocytes in the upper and mid-dermis. Blue nevi usually develop in young adulthood and are more common in women and in those of Asian descent.

Melanocytes originate embryologically in the neural crest and then migrate to the dermal-epidermal junction or to the hair bulb. Blue nevi are hypothesized to arise from melanocytes that fail to complete their developmental journey and instead reside and proliferate in the dermis. Dermal melanocytes reflect low-wavelength blue light but absorb higher wavelength light, a phenomenon known as the Tyndall effect. This accounts for the characteristic blue hue of the lesion. Somatic mutations in GNAQ mutations have recently been found in the majority of blue nevi.

A variant of blue nevus, the cellular blue nevus, is typically larger (1-3 cm in diameter) than a common blue nevus (<1 cm), solitary, and has a predilection for the buttocks or sacrococcygeal region. Malignant blue nevi are rare and tend to arise in cellular blue nevi, especially those on the scalp. Blue nevi are also one of the most common components of combined nevi. Another variant, the epithelioid blue nevus, may be associated with Carney complex (lentigines, atrial myxoma, mucocutaneous myxoma, and nevi).

Codes

ICD10CM:
D22.9 – Melanocytic nevi, unspecified

SNOMEDCT:
254806009 – Blue nevus of skin

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Last Updated: 08/04/2016
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Blue nevus in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp,Oral Mucosal Lesion
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Blue nevus : Blue color, Hyperpigmented macule, Pigmented papule
Clinical image of Blue nevus
A close-up of a smooth, violaceous papule.
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