BPF is usually clinically apparent from history and presentation, although radiologic features may help identify its presence. However, locating the leak site of the BPF can sometimes pose a diagnostic challenge and may require multiple imaging procedures and bronchoscopies.
The main management goal is to treat the patient's underlying disease and provide ventilator adjustments to minimize air leak. Treatment should be individualized to each patient and their clinical status.
J86.0 – Pyothorax with fistula
233793003 – Bronchopleural Fistula