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Cephalohematoma
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Cephalohematoma

Contributors: Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Cephalohematoma is a subperiosteal hematoma caused by rupture of the diploic veins of the skull during a prolonged or difficult labor or delivery, especially those requiring vacuum assistance. The swelling may not become apparent for hours or days after birth. Severe lesions may be associated with underlying skull fracture. Rarely, infection of the collection has developed. Occasionally, the hemorrhage can calcify.

Codes

ICD10CM:
P12.0 – Cephalhematoma due to birth injury

SNOMEDCT:
83095000 – Cephalohematoma

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

  • Swelling of caput succedaneum is not well demarcated.
  • Encephalocele and meningocele are often associated with pulsation and an underlying bony defect.

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Updated:12/15/2021
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Cephalohematoma
Cephalohematoma : Scalp edema
Clinical image of Cephalohematoma
A mass at the vertex scalp.
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