Alerts and Notices
SynopsisCerebral palsy (CP) encompasses a group of disorders resulting from brain injury to the developing fetal or infant brain (most commonly pre-, peri-, or postnatally), resulting in a nonprogressive dysfunction of muscle tone, posture, and/or movement.
CP is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder with diverse etiologies. It is typically classified into 4 main types:
- Spastic CP – This type is further subdivided into diplegic, hemiplegic, and quadriplegic depending on the distribution of motor abnormalities.
- Dyskinetic CP – This includes dystonia and choreoathetosis.
- Ataxic CP
- Mixed CP – Dyskinetic and spastic elements are both present.
G80.9 – Cerebral palsy, unspecified
128188000 – Cerebral Palsy
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
- Metabolic disorders
- Genetic disorders
- Movement disorders
- Congenital myopathies
- Spinal cord disorders (eg, tethered cord)
- Other structural brain abnormalities