Acute cervicitis is often due to an underlying infection with a sexually transmitted disease such as Mycoplasma genitalium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, herpes simplex virus, and possibly Gardnerella vaginalis. However, sometimes there will be no identifiable pathogen.
For persistent / chronic cervicitis, it is more likely that the etiology will be related to a noninfectious cause. Potential noninfectious triggers include pessaries, condoms, chemical exposure (eg, from bathing soaps, fragrances, bath salts, spermicides, or vaginal lubricants), douching, allergens, sex toys, recent gynecologic surgery, intrauterine device strings, NuvaRing, and menstrual cups or tampons.
N72 – Inflammatory disease of cervix uteri
56728002 – Chronic cervicitis
- Cervical cancer or cervical dysplasia
- Allergic reaction (eg, allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis)
- Cervical friability (unknown etiology)
- Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis
- Vulvovaginal atrophy
- Mycoplasma genitalium infection
- Lichen planus