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Chronic mesenteric ischemia
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Chronic mesenteric ischemia

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Contributors: Michael W. Winter MD, Paritosh Prasad MD
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Synopsis

Chronic mesenteric ischemia, also known as intestinal angina, is defined by reduced blood flow to major mesenteric arteries (celiac, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric) causing abdominal pain which is often postprandial. This can result in food aversion, anorexia, and weight loss.

Chronic mesenteric ischemia is typically caused by atherosclerotic disease. However, vasculitis, aortic or mesenteric artery dissection, fibromuscular dysplasia, celiac artery compression by the median arcuate ligament, retroperitoneal fibrosis, or endovascular graft occlusion should be considered as alternative etiologies.

The same risk factors for peripheral and coronary artery disease predispose to chronic mesenteric ischemia, namely smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia.

Related topic: Acute mesenteric ischemia

Codes

ICD10CM:
K55.1 – Chronic vascular disorders of intestine

SNOMEDCT:
111354009 – Chronic vascular insufficiency of intestine

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Reviewed: 12/27/2017
Last Updated: 05/13/2019
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Chronic mesenteric ischemia
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Chronic mesenteric ischemia : Abdominal pain, Abdominal cramp, Epigastric pain, Pain out of proportion to exam findings, Periumbilical pain, Weight loss
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.