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Dementia
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Dementia

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Contributors: Andrea Wasilewski MD, Richard L. Barbano MD, PhD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Dementia is an acquired progressive loss of cognitive abilities such as learning, memory, language skills, social function, complex attention, executive function, and perceptual motor skills. It interferes with typical daily function. It represents a significant loss of functional abilities but does not cause a significant disturbance of consciousness.

Dementia is strongly associated with advanced age. Cognitive decline typically occurs slowly and progressively for years before a diagnosis is made. Affected patients may notice difficulty with or changes in their behavior, reasoning, remembering new information, directions, and complex tasks, but family members may be the first to recognize the extent of the patient's difficulties.

Etiology includes Alzheimer disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson disease, brain injuries, brain tumors, and vascular disorders. Dementia that occurs with alcohol use disorder or certain drugs or medications may be reversible. Otherwise, management is supportive.

Related topic: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration

Codes

ICD10CM:
F03.90 – Unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance

SNOMEDCT:
52448006  – Dementia

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed: 06/21/2018
Last Updated: 06/29/2018
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.
Dementia
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Dementia : Aphasia, Delirium, Personality changes, Sleep disturbance, Urinary incontinence, Apraxia, Memory loss, Depression
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.