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Dermographism in Adult
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Dermographism in Adult

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Contributors: Noah Craft MD, PhD, Lindy P. Fox MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
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Synopsis

Dermographism is the most common form of physical urticaria and manifests as an exaggerated wheal and flare reaction of the skin induced by pressure. In dermographism, inadvertent stroking or rubbing of the skin will result in corresponding linear wheals. The wheals usually persist for 15-30 minutes. It is usually asymptomatic, but some forms are associated with pruritus. The exact cause of dermographism is unknown, but clinically it appears similar to urticaria. Agents such as salicylates, NSAIDs, opiates, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, barbiturates, and alcohol that are known to cause / exacerbate urticaria also may cause dermographism.

An increased incidence has been reported during pregnancy and in individuals with Behçet syndrome, thyroid disorders, infections, or atopic dermatitis. It affects approximately 2%-5% of the population and is more common in young adults.

Codes

ICD10CM:
L50.3 – Dermatographic urticaria

SNOMEDCT:
7632005 – Dermographism

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated: 07/12/2017
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Dermographism in Adult
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Dermographism : Linear configuration, Pressure exposure, Scattered few, Hives , Urticaria
Clinical image of Dermographism
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