Diabetic retinopathy - External and Internal Eye
Patients with diabetic retinopathy are often asymptomatic. As the disease progresses, they may sense vision loss due to macular edema, hemorrhage, or retinal detachment. The risk of diabetic retinopathy increases with the duration of diabetes and the patient's age. Nearly 99% of individuals with type 1 diabetes and 60% of individuals with type 2 diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy after 20 years of the diagnosis. The condition is more common in individuals of African and Mexican descent compared with those of Northern European descent. Cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as hypertension, are also associated with advanced diabetic retinopathy.
Pediatric Patient Considerations:
Diabetic retinopathy is rarely found in children younger than 10. The risk of retinopathy developing in children with diabetes increases after puberty.
Related topics: diabetes mellitus type 1, diabetes mellitus type 2
E10.311 – Type 1 diabetes mellitus with unspecified diabetic retinopathy with macular edema
E10.3299 – Type 1 diabetes mellitus with mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy without macular edema, unspecified eye
E11.311 – Type 2 diabetes mellitus with unspecified diabetic retinopathy with macular edema
4855003 – Diabetic retinopathy
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls