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Ectropion - External and Internal Eye
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Ectropion - External and Internal Eye

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Contributors: Brandon D. Ayres MD, Christopher Rapuano MD, Harvey A. Brown MD, Sunir J. Garg MD, Lauren Patty Daskivich MD, MSHS
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Ectropion is an eversion of the eyelid away from the globe. Ectropion is classified by its anatomic features as involutional, cicatricial, tarsal, congenital, or paralytic. The out pouching of the eyelid is almost always that of the lower eyelid. The involutional form evolves slowly due to eyelid laxity. The cicatricial form can occur due to excessive sun exposure, burns, radiation, or surgical treatment to the lower eyelids. The tarsal form is uncommon and is due to the disinsertion of the lower lid retractor (capsulopalpebral fascia) from the interior tarsal border. Congenital ectropion is rare while paralytic ectropion are more recognizable for the associated facial muscles that are also paralyzed. Untreated, ectropion will lead to lagophthalmos and secondary exposure keratopathy. The patient with ectropion will complain not only of the abnormal appearance of the eyelid but also symptoms associated with exposure, such as tearing, sandiness, redness, and blurry vision.

Codes

ICD10CM:
H02.109 – Unspecified ectropion of unspecified eye, unspecified eyelid

SNOMEDCT:
62909004 – Ectropion

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Ectropion is a distinct physical finding. The underlying cause is the province of the ophthalmic surgeon to guide surgical repair. Be aware of associated findings such as facial paralysis or evidence of trauma.

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated: 01/09/2010
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Ectropion - External and Internal Eye
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Ectropion : Inferior eyelid, Palpebral conjunctival injection, Conjunctival injection, Excessive tearing, Dry eyes
Clinical image of Ectropion
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