Protection of the airway is a priority, and treatment may require placement of an artificial airway, intravenous steroids, antimicrobial therapy to control infection, and surveillance in an intensive care unit. Tracheostomy may be required in severe cases. The prevalence of severe epiglottitis in children has been reduced substantially since Hib vaccination became routine in the United States and other developed countries. Prognosis has improved, particularly when intervention is prompt.
J05.10 – Acute epiglottitis without obstruction
80384002 – Epiglottitis
Last Updated: 11/15/2017