Erysipeloid is predominantly a self-limiting disease affecting the skin in either a localized or diffuse form, but occasionally may cause a serious systemic illness in which the most common manifestation is endocarditis. Skin lesions consist of violaceous plaques and are most often confined to the hands. There is often associated pain and pruritus.
The lesions of localized cutaneous erysipeloid often resolve without treatment in 3-4 weeks but may recur. Therefore, treatment with antibiotics is indicated in all forms of erysipeloid.
Erysipeloid can be differentiated from cellulitis on the basis of location (fingers and hands), animal exposure, and more violaceous appearance.
A26.0 – Cutaneous erysipeloid
400105005 – Erysipeloid
- Cellulitis or erysipelas
- "Seal finger" – etiologic agent likely Mycoplasma spp.
- Insect bite
- Fixed drug eruption
- Herpetic whitlow
- Herpes virus infections (herpes simplex virus or varicella zoster virus) with associated lymphangitic erythema
- Mycobacterium marinum
- Cat-scratch disease
- Sweet syndrome
- Cryptococcal cellulitis
- Pasteurella multocida infection
- Vibrio vulnificus infection
- Necrotizing fasciitis