Familial hypophosphatemic rickets in Adult
Some forms may be inherited in an autosomal dominant or recessive pattern. Familial hypophosphatemic rickets is sometimes associated with benign tumors that produce a humoral factor that decreases proximal renal tubular resorption of phosphate.
Clinical presentation is variable and typically presents after 18 months of age or when the pediatric patient begins to walk. Symptoms range from growth retardation and short stature to severe rickets or osteomalacia. Some patients have isolated hypophosphatemia detected on serologic testing. The typical presentation is a child with leg bowing and other bone deformities, pseudo-fractures, bone pain, and short stature. Rarely, a patient may present with tetany, dental enamel defects, and spine or pelvic rickets.
Treatment consists of oral phosphate supplementation and calcitriol. Adult patients with familial hypophosphatemic rickets of oncogene origin will usually improve once the tumor causing the disease is removed.
E83.31 – Familial hypophosphatemia
72831007 – Vitamin D-dependent rickets, type 2
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls