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Fetal alcohol syndrome in Adult
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Fetal alcohol syndrome in Adult

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Contributors: Casey Silver MD, Michael W. Winter MD
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Synopsis

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a neonatal condition caused by exposure to excessive ethanol in utero, resulting in neurodevelopmental abnormalities and growth retardation. Patients with fetal alcohol syndrome can have variable phenotypes. Typical characteristics include facial dysmorphology (eye, ear, teeth), cardiac defects, microcephaly, intellectual disability, and limited joint mobility. Other features include low birth weight and behavioral and cognitive deficits. Infants and children may present with failure to thrive, irritability, nystagmus, hypotonia, sleep disturbance, and seizures. Jaundice, icteric sclera, joint contractures, corneal opacities, and blurred vision may also be present.

Fetal alcohol syndrome does not progress, although the deficits of cognition and the dysmorphic features due to altered embryologic development are irreversible.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q86.0 – Fetal alcohol syndrome (dysmorphic)

SNOMEDCT:
205788004  – Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Facial dysmorphology: Neurobehavioral issues: Also consider environmental factors such as early adversity or trauma, prenatal exposure to other substances, poverty, and child abuse.

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed: 01/08/2019
Last Updated: 03/04/2019
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Fetal alcohol syndrome in Adult
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Fetal alcohol syndrome : Decreased range of motion, Flat nasal bridge, Joint contractures, Poor feeding
Clinical image of Fetal alcohol syndrome
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.