Iron deficiency anemia in Adult
Common findings include fatigue, dyspnea, weakness, pallor, and coarse skin and hair. Less common findings include pica (a craving to eat nonfood items, particularly ice or metal), brittle nails, tongue edema, and headache.
Within the general population, there are subsets at increased risk for iron deficiency anemia. These include children younger than 5 years, due to decreased GI absorption and increased metabolism; menstruating women; and pregnant women. Some chronic diseases result in an iron deficiency anemia. These include inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in which excess loss but also impaired iron absorption can contribute to deficiency; chronic kidney disease; and congestive heart failure.
Iron deficiency anemia is easy to diagnose, but often subtle symptoms lead to delays in diagnosis. Once confirmed, many patients will improve within weeks with iron repletion and recognition with treatment of the underlying etiology.
D50.9 – Iron deficiency anemia, unspecified
87522002 – Iron Deficiency Anemia
- Hemolytic anemia
- Pernicious anemia / vitamin B12 deficiency
- Folate deficiency
- Sickle cell anemia
- Thalassemia: alpha or beta
- Red blood cell dysplasia
- Aplastic anemia
- Malignancy – colon cancer, other solid or liquid tumors
- Chronic disease – IBD, chronic kidney disease, congestive heart failure, celiac disease, autoimmune gastritis
- Heavy menstrual periods
- Restrictive diet – inadequate iron intake