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Laryngeal cancer
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Laryngeal cancer

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Contributors: Christine Osborne MD, Paul C. Bryson MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Carcinoma that arises from the larynx, predominantly squamous cell carcinoma. While greater than 96% of laryngeal cancers are squamous cell, other types include verrucous, spindle cell, basaloid-squamous cell, and papillary squamous cell carcinoma.

Risk factors for development include tobacco use, alcohol use, human papillomavirus infection, advancing age, and male sex. There is a synergistic effect between alcohol and tobacco in individuals who use both.

Presenting symptoms include dysphagia, dysphonia, voice changes appreciated by family members, aspiration, pain, blood-tinged sputum, fatigue, weight loss, and cachexia.

Codes

ICD10CM:
C32.9 – Malignant neoplasm of larynx, unspecified

SNOMEDCT:
363429002 – Malignant tumor of larynx

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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References

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Last Updated: 05/10/2016
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Laryngeal cancer
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Laryngeal cancer : Hoarseness, Neck mass, Dysphagia, Dysphonia, Dyspnea, Hemoptysis, Pharyngitis, Smoker, Chronic cough
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.