Risk factors for development include tobacco use, alcohol use, human papillomavirus infection, advancing age, and male sex. There is a synergistic effect between alcohol and tobacco in individuals who use both.
Presenting symptoms include dysphagia, dysphonia, voice changes appreciated by family members, aspiration, pain, blood-tinged sputum, fatigue, weight loss, and cachexia.
C32.9 – Malignant neoplasm of larynx, unspecified
363429002 – Malignant tumor of larynx