Signs and symptoms of laryngeal cancer include:
- Dysphonia / aphonia
- Sore throat
- Globus sensation
- Neck mass
- Blood-tinged sputum
- Middle ear effusion
Laryngeal cancer can be staged using the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM (tumor, node, metastasis) system, based on the extent of the main tumor, the spread to nearby lymph nodes, and metastasis to distant sites. The staging system can be found at https://www.cancer.org/cancer/laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/staging.html.
Immunocompromised Patient Considerations:
Immunocompromised patients will generally have more aggressive malignancies even in the absence of classic risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use.