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Migraine headache
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Migraine headache

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Contributors: Jamie Adams MD, Richard L. Barbano MD, PhD
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Synopsis

Migraine headaches are recurrent moderate to severe headaches, typically unilateral in location, pounding or pulsating in quality of pain, and lasting 4-72 hours. Nausea and/or vomiting, photophobia, and/or phonophobia may accompany the headaches. Symptoms are usually worse with activity. Headaches may or may not be preceded by an aura, which is a transient visual, language, sensory, or motor disturbance.

Patients may identify triggers that induce headaches. There may also be a positive family history of migraine headache. Age of onset varies, and migraine headaches can start in childhood, although they most commonly begin between the ages of 15 and 25, with onset in girls often starting around menarche. Migraines are 3 times more common in women than in men.

Related topic: Basilar migraine headache

Codes

ICD10CM:
G43.909 – Migraine, unspecified, not intractable, without status migrainosus

SNOMEDCT:
37796009 – Migraine

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Reviewed: 03/06/2018
Last Updated: 03/23/2018
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Migraine headache
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Migraine headache : Nausea, Vomiting, Photophobia, Recurring episodes or relapses, Perceived flashing lights, Phonophobia, Severe unilateral headache, Partial vision loss
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