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Nevus sebaceus in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Nevus sebaceus in Child

See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Contributors: David O'Connell MD, Lauren Ko, Belinda Tan MD, PhD, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Nevus sebaceus (of Jadassohn) is a common congenital hamartoma that is usually present at birth but occasionally may not be noted until childhood or even later. It is considered a subtype of organoid epidermal nevus. It typically presents in infancy as a solitary, hairless, well-demarcated, yellow-tan plaque with a velvety to verrucoid surface. This oval to linear lesion ranges in size from a few millimeters up to a few centimeters and is commonly found on the scalp. Most lesions are sporadic, with rare familial forms reported. There is no ethnic or sex predilection.

Nevus sebaceus may be found on the face or neck, and less frequently, the torso or extremities may be affected. It may be multifocal following the lines of Blaschko. Extensive or multifocal lesions may be associated with the nevus sebaceus syndrome (also known as the sebaceous nevus syndrome; Schimmelpenning syndrome), where it is accompanied by neurological, ocular, cardiovascular, skeletal, and urologic abnormalities. Phakomatosis pigmentokeratotica is the presence of a speckled lentiginous nevus and a linear nevus sebaceus.

The nevus sebaceus lesion tends to enlarge in proportion to the normal development of the patient. In late adolescence through adulthood, numerous secondary neoplasms may arise in a nevus sebaceus. This occurs in a small percentage of cases. They are mostly benign adnexal tumors such as trichoblastoma and syringocystadenoma papilliferum. Trichilemmomas, eccrine poromas, and sebaceomas have also developed. The most commonly encountered malignancy to arise within nevus sebaceus is basal cell carcinoma (BCC). The frequency of BCC in nevus sebaceus is thought to have been previously over-reported, with most BCC cases having been reinterpreted as trichoblastomas. Squamous cell carcinoma and sebaceous carcinoma develop very rarely, and a case each of microcystic adnexal carcinoma and melanoma has been reported.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q85.9 – Phakomatosis, unspecified

SNOMEDCT:
707136009 – Nevus sebaceous

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Last Reviewed: 02/14/2020
Last Updated: 03/12/2020
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Nevus sebaceus in Child
See also in: Hair and Scalp
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Nevus sebaceus : Face, Neck, Present at birth, Scalp, Verrucous scaly plaque, Single skin lesion
Clinical image of Nevus sebaceus
A light brown and yellowish cobblestone plaque with a linear configuration on the lateral cheek.
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