Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis. Balanoposthitis refers to inflammation of both the glans and foreskin in uncircumcised males. Infants are predisposed to balanitis by chronic exposure of the glans penis to a moist occluded environment (ie, presence of a foreskin and diapering), which leads to maceration and a compromised skin barrier. Exposure to urine, soaps, Candida, and bacterial overgrowth exacerbate the dermatitis.
ICD10CM: N48.1 – Balanitis
SNOMEDCT: 44882003 – Balanitis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection is the most common cause of acute inflammation of the glans penis in prepubescent children. Although it is usually associated with more intense pain, erythema, and discharge than nonspecific balanitis, the diseases may be clinically indistinguishable. Other signs that suggest streptococcal balanitis include the presence of perianal streptococcal cellulitis or a preceding throat infection.
Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.