Osteoma can be asymptomatic or show signs and symptoms specific to its location and size, such as proptosis, hearing difficulties (ear canal osteoma), spinal cord compression, or paranasal sinus symptoms (respiratory obstruction, apnea). Osteoma continues to grow progressively, unlike other benign bone lesions that slow in growth or stop at skeletal maturity.
Management can include endoscopic sinus surgery, en bloc excision, and subtotal excision, especially where osteoma is enlarged, obstructive, symptomatic, or when bone malignancy co-exists. Surgical excision may be followed by reconstruction and grafting at the bone site.
Related topic: Osteoid Osteoma
D16.9 – Benign neoplasm of bone and articular cartilage, unspecified
302858007 – Osteoma