Body lice are found in all countries and climates and may infest any age group. There is no racial or sex predilection. Pediculosis corporis is associated with poor hygiene, poverty, and being undomiciled.
Mortality related to pediculosis corporis occurs from 3 arthropod-borne diseases that the louse may transmit: typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii), relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis), and trench fever (Bartonella quintana). The mainstay of treatment is eradicating the infestation.
B85.1 – Pediculosis due to Pediculus humanus corporis
25188002 – Pediculosis corporis
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls