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Phenylketonuria in Adult
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Phenylketonuria in Adult

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Contributors: Vivian Wong MD, PhD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
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Synopsis

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine metabolism. PKU screening is now part of standard neonatal screening in most countries for inborn errors of metabolism. Accumulation of phenylalanine and its metabolites are thought to be responsible for the pathologies seen in PKU.

The untreated state is characterized by a constellation of functional and physical manifestations including intellectual disability, a characteristic bodily appearance, and neurological impairments. Intellectual disability worsens from early childhood to adolescence during brain maturation. Patients develop the classic triad of blond hair, blue eyes, and light skin usually by the second year of life. Atopic dermatitis may occur, and sclerodermatous changes limited to skin and connective tissue have been reported. Patients may also have neuropsychiatric abnormalities.

For more information, see OMIM.

Codes

ICD10CM:
E70.0 – Classical phenylketonuria

SNOMEDCT:
7573000 – Classical phenylketonuria

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Hypopigmentation of skin:
Sclerodermatous skin changes:

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Updated: 03/29/2017
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Phenylketonuria in Adult
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Phenylketonuria : Dry skin, Microcephaly, Osteopenia, Developmental delay
Clinical image of Phenylketonuria
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