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Pili annulati - Hair and Scalp
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Pili annulati - Hair and Scalp

Contributors: Vivian Wong MD, PhD, Susan Burgin MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Pili annulati, also known as ringed hair, is a rare hair shaft abnormality that manifests as alternating light and dark banding and a speckled appearance of scalp hair. The lighter banding occurs due to clusters of abnormal air-filled cavities in the cortex of the hair shaft. Some patients report easy breakage and abnormal weathering.

Pili annulati may be acquired but is most commonly inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. The age of onset is usually 2 years. It is a lifelong condition.

For more information, see OMIM.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q84.1 – Congenital morphological disturbances of hair, not elsewhere classified

SNOMEDCT:
21926007 – Pili annulati

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

  • Pseudopili annulati – Likely a variant of pili annulati. Patients present with banding on their hairs due to optical effects from twisted hair. On light microscopy, there are no air-filled bands.
  • Monilethrix
  • Pili torti
  • Bubble hair

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed:11/04/2020
Last Updated:11/04/2020
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Pili annulati - Hair and Scalp
Pili annulati
Copyright © 2021 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.