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Potentially life-threatening emergency
Pituitary apoplexy
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Other Resources UpToDate PubMed
Potentially life-threatening emergency

Pituitary apoplexy

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Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

An uncommon condition due to abrupt-onset infarction or hemorrhage into the pituitary gland, typically associated with a pituitary adenoma, and characterized by severe headache and visual disturbance. Endocrine abnormalities of hypopituitarism can contribute to life-threatening hypotension. Other common signs and symptoms include vomiting, ophthalmoplegia, diplopia, visual field defect, vision loss, and altered mental state.

Management includes surgical decompression and hormone replacement therapy. Best outcomes are when diagnosis and treatment occurs within a few days to a week. Delayed treatment decreases chances to improve visual deficit.

Codes

ICD10CM:
E23.6 – Other disorders of pituitary gland

SNOMEDCT:
237701005 – Pituitary apoplexy

Best Tests

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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References

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Last Updated: 04/07/2016
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Potentially life-threatening emergency
Pituitary apoplexy
Print 1 Images
Pituitary apoplexy : Altered mental state, Severe headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Diplopia, Ophthalmoplegia, Vision loss, Visual field defect
Copyright © 2019 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.